Feel the beauty of the 4-million-year old Ohrid Lake protected by UNESCO as natural heritage, with 200 endemic water species including the famous Ohrid trout. Over the lake calmly rises Ohrid-“The City of Light” which is home to 365 churches from 17th and 19th century what makes it “Jerusalem on the Balkans”.
Once I fell in love twice on the same day
Ohrid is one of the oldest settlements in Macedonia, its origin dates back to the antique period. Nowadays, the city is the most developed as well as the most attractive place for tourists in the Republic of Macedonia. 0hrid is a city in the south-western part of the Republic of Macedonia onto the north-eastern shore of Lake Ohrid. Traffic connections are towards Skopje, Bitola, Debar and Republic Albania. It is located along Via Egnatia, which used to connect Adriatic Sea and White Sea, and that was an important circumstance for develop-ment of Ohrid in the past. There is Ohrid Airport in the vicinity of Ohrid, it is air traffic connection to certain foreign destinati-ons. Water traffic in Lake Ohrid does not have an important role, it is used for tourists sightseeing and fishing. There is not a railway station and that is the only disadva-ntage. In the 3rd cen-tury BC, there was Lychnidos instead of the present Ohrid. This important and fortified place was conquered by Roman gover-ning and it be-came an important settlement along the roadof Via Egnatia. Lychnidos as a rich and fortified city fell under Byzantine rule. There were fights between Slavic tribes and Byzantine army in the 6th and 7th century. After conquering the city by Slays Lychnidos was renamed as Ohrid. In 879 Ohrid became Episcopal seat and in 886 by arrival of St. Kliment and St. Naum, this settlement grew into cultural centre. These disciples of St. Cyril and St. Methodius started spreading Slav literacy and literature. Ohrid was the capital of Macedonian state during the rule of tsar Samuil. The fortress is well preserved fortification in the old part of the city, the oldest data for this fortress date back to 476. After Samuil's death the fortress was destroyed and again it was renewed. It was also used during Turkish Empire. Ohrid had developed crafts and trade and it represented an economic center during 12th and 13th century.